Meeting God on the Day of Judgment
Al-Qiyamah is also associated with the Time of Meeting God according
to the following verses:
[18:110] : Say: "I am but a man like yourselves, (but) the inspiration has come to me, that your Allah is one Allah: whoever expects to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and, in the worship of his Lord, admit no one as partner.
[2:45-6] : Nay, seek (Allah's) help with patient perseverance and prayer: It is indeed hard, except to those who bring a lowly spirit,- Who bear in mind the certainty that they are to meet their Lord, and that they are to return to Him.
[69:17] : And the angels will be on its sides, and eight will, that Day, bear the Throne of thy Lord above them.
[39:69] : And the earth shineth with the light of her Lord, and the Book is set up, and the prophets and the witnesses are brought, and it is judged between them with truth, and they are not wronged.
[29:23] : Those who reject the Signs of Allah and the Meeting with Him,- it is they who shall despair of My Mercy: it is they who will (suffer) a most grievous Penalty.
The question raised here, is : What does this mean? How do we reconcile all these promises, with what Islam tells us about the nature of God? :
[6:103] : No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things.
[7:143] : And when Moses came to Our appointed tryst and his Lord had spoken unto him, he said: My Lord! Show me (Thy Self), that I may gaze upon Thee. He said: Thou wilt not see Me,
Indeed when "His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth" [2:255], and He is closer to us than our jugular vein [50:16], meaning that He is everywhere, what are we to think of meeting Him when He comes in "canopies of clouds"[2:210], and where would He be coming from?
When Moses (PBUH) asked God to appear for Him, He "appeared / manifested Himself" (tajalla) to the mountain instead, and the mountain turned to dust for it couldn't withstand this tajalli .
[7:143] : Thou wilt not see Me, but gaze upon the mountain! If it stand still in its place, then thou wilt see Me. And when his Lord revealed (His) glory to the mountain He sent it crashing down. And Moses fell down senseless. And when he woke he said: Glory unto Thee! I turn unto Thee repentant, and I am the first of (true) believers.
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[48:10] : Surely those who swear allegiance to you (Muhammad) do but
swear allegiance to Allah; the hand of Allah is above their hands. Therefore
whoever breaks (his faith), he breaks it only to the injury of his own
soul, and whoever fulfills what he has covenanted with Allah, He will
grant him a mighty reward.
The Prophet also addresses this in the following Sahih Hadith:
"man ra'ani faqad ra'al Haqqa" which means: "If you have seen Me you have seen Haq [God]." This Hadith can be found in Bukhari vol. 4 p. 135, Moslem vol. 7, p. 54, etc...
Notice that the term "Haq", which is both one of the 99 Names of God and an Attribute of God in the Qur'an.